What are Documents Against Payment? Definition, 4 Facts

A document against payment is a document which contains information of documents, such as invoice, delivery receipt or other documents which we want to get money from our customer.

What are Documents Against Payment?

Documents against payment aid in defining a particular goods transaction. They are frequently utilized in import/export settings. The documents serve as collateral for a transaction between a buyer and a seller.

What are Documents Against Payment?Documents against payment, or D/P, are one kind of business protection that frequently depends on a bill of exchange document. The bill of exchange specifies conditions for the usage of D/P and the sale as a whole.

Typically, the bill of trade contains three parties. The first party is the sender, or the party who sends the goods. The second party is the drawee, or buyer, and the third party is the payee, which is often a bank operating on behalf of the seller.

In a D/P arrangement, the bank retains ownership paperwork for the items until payment is made. This arrangement provides additional protection for the seller, with the bank acting as an efficient intermediary in the transaction.

What are Documents Against Payment?

Frequently, the buyer will use a bank draft or a similar payment mechanism where the money is guaranteed to be pulled from current funds.

Experts explain that despite the design of the papers against payment procedure, the vendor nevertheless faces considerable dangers. One is that the buyer may acquire the products prior to the completion of the transaction.

A fairly typical danger of a D/P arrangement is that if the buyer refuses to pay, the actual products will remain in the destination country, with the seller footing the bill for their return shipment.

What are Documents Against Payment?

A botched D/P transaction may force the seller to scramble to dispose of or sell the assets at their destination, when obtaining a fair market price may be challenging.

Despite the inherent dangers, D/P nonetheless provides a means for sellers to hedge against nonpayment, in the sense that the buyer cannot normally take possession of the items without payment.

This procedure is comparable to situations where “documents in lieu of money” are the standard in other types of transactions and in other industries where trustworthy commerce is essential.

For instance, a car transaction procedure may be compared to a comparable circumstance in which actual ownership has far less to do with physical control of the vehicle than with the name registered on the vehicle title by the Department of Motor Vehicles.

What are Documents Against Payment?

The private sale of a used vehicle, in which the car title serves as a sort of “document against payment,” benefits from the additional documentation in much of the same ways that an exporting agreement does.

Documents Against Payment Collection

A collection of documents against payment is commenced when an exporter ships products to a customer. The seller or exporter provides their bank with the shipping papers (and any other pertinent documents), which is then forwarded to the importer or buyer’s bank.

As stated previously, the documents are often accompanied by payment collection instructions for the buyer.

What are Documents Against Payment?

With this approach, the bank is only able to provide the buyer with the paperwork once the payment has been finalized. The buyer’s bank (sometimes referred to as the collecting bank) sends the monies to the exporter’s bank, which subsequently transfers the funds to the exporter/seller.

In this technique, the exporter or vendor extends credit to the purchaser. Credit is extended through a time draft, meaning that the documentation pertaining to the sale of commodities are made available to the buyer or importer only after he or she has approved and signed the time draft.

The time draft, which is a bill of exchange that permits a buyer to make payment at a later period, binds the buyer to make the payment on the designated date.

What are the Steps in the Documents Against Payment Process?

  1. The Items Seller (Exporter) transports the goods to the location of the Goods Buyer (Importer).
  2. The Exporter brings the Title Documents (often the Bill of Lading) to its Bank (Exporter Bank)
  3. The Exporter’s Bank subsequently transmits the Ownership Documents to the Importer’s Bank.
  4. The Importer will then pay the purchase amount in the sales transaction (using Cash) and obtain the Ownership Documents from the Importer Bank.
  5. The importer may then claim ownership of the items and receive them at customs.
  6. The Importer’s Bank will subsequently transfer the funds to the Exporter’s Bank (without a charge).
  7. The Exporter’s Bank will subsequently transfer the funds to the Exporter (without a charge).

Once the buyer has paid for the relevant products, the bank will relinquish the ownership paperwork.

What are the Disadvantages of Documents Against Payment Transactions?

CAD approach has a number of drawbacks, including:

  • Lack of assurance that the importer would pay to close the deal.
  • Seller may incur a loss if additional shipping expenses are incurred when products are refused.
  • Poor bank procedures that provide importer papers early.


A document against payment is an important part of any business transaction. While there may be some who consider it overkill, others argue that it is an invaluable tool in protecting yourself and/or your client in the case that something goes wrong.

A good rule of thumb is to always create at least two copies of all documents against payment. One copy should be kept securely in the client’s file and the other kept on you. If the client pays, both will be returned to them, however if they do not pay, you will have proof that they owe you money.


( abbreviation D/P); (also cash against documents); (also documents against cash); (also documents against presentation) in international trade, an arrangement in which someone can only collect imported goods after paying for them at a bank and showing proof of having paid.
Documents against payment require the importer to pay the amount of the draft at sight. Documents against acceptance require payment by a specified date.
Typically, the cash against document is when an exporter (seller or vendor) instructs his bank to release shipping documents to the importer upon the full payment of shipment. After payment, the importer receives the documents. The cash against documents is beneficial to the parties involve in this method of payment.
Payment Collection Against Bills also known documentary collection as is a payment method used in international trade all over the world by the exporter for the handling of documents to the buyer’s bank and also gives the banks necessary instructions indicating when and on what conditions these documents can be …
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