Learning the ins and outs of what a company considers full-time employment can help you determine whether you’re ready to make the switch, as well as familiarize you with the benefits you’d be entitled to as an employee.
This article defines a full-time job, how it differs from working part-time, and offers some helpful advice and benefits to people pursuing a full-time profession.
What is a Full-Time Job?
Full-time jobs often have a set work schedule, with a typical work week consisting of eight hours each day and forty hours total. A conventional five-day workweek is also assumed, though this figure may need to be changed for individual occupations.
The United States Department of Labor does not establish a specific definition of full-time employment, instead leaving it up to businesses to define.
In the United States, the term “9 to 5” is synonymous with full-time employment or “business hours,” with the majority of offices and organizations operating Monday through Friday between the hours of 9:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m., with some variation based on the company’s culture and industry.
While a 40-hour workweek (or at least a schedule of at least 32 hours) is widely used to define full-time employment, the exact timing of those hours is not required by law.
Full-time employees are frequently supplied with benefits like as paid time off (PTO), 401(k) plans, and insurance as part of their employment agreement.
6 Ways to Determine if a Job Is Full-Time
1. Know the Definitions
There aren’t many restrictions governing the proportion of full-time to part-time work. Even if such rules exist, they do not specify a minimum number of hours per week that would qualify as full-time.
Certain industries, such as healthcare, public transportation, and aviation, have maximum shift durations imposed by legislation due to safety concerns.
For the purposes of calculating employer shared responsibility payments, the Internal Revenue Service considers workers who work 30 or more hours per week to be full-time (130 per month).
While the FLSA does not specify whether an employee is deemed full- or part-time, it does require employers to pay overtime to employees for any week in which their total hours worked exceed 40.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) defines full-time employment as 35 hours or more per week. This clarifies why 40 hours a week is commonly considered full-time, but it does not specify what type of employment is deemed full-time.
1. Review information in the Affordable Care Act (ACA)
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) defines full-time employment as any job that requires at least 30 hours of labor each week. Furthermore, the ACA deems full-time any occupation that allows employees to work 130 hours per month.
2. Check Each Company’s Policy
Individual businesses must choose what makes a full-time schedule and what constitutes part-time labor in the absence of rules defining full-time work. Jobs may be advertised as requiring 45 hours of work per week, or they may specify precise operating hours, such as 9:00 a.m. to 6:00 p.m.
So, how does one go about discovering what kind of processes a specific company has in place? Some companies post their usual working hours online for everyone to observe. Inquire about the work schedule during the interview process, either with the HR department or your interviewer.
2. Look at the job posting
The full- or part-time status of a job is frequently specified in the advertisement. In addition to reading the job description, check at the hours to see if it is a part-time position. If a job posting only lists an annual salary and no hourly rate, it is most likely a full-time employment.
4. Find Out if the Job Comes With Benefits
Unlike their part-time competitors, full-time employees often receive a package of benefits from their employers.
Examples include health, dental, and vision insurance, paid time off, retirement savings plans, sick days, and parental leave. A clause providing full benefits is frequently suggestive of full-time employment.
This is especially important if you are applying to a large firm, as full-time employees at such companies are more likely to be qualified for benefits. However, startups and small enterprises may be unable to afford to provide benefits to their employees.
5. Determine Whether the Job Is a Salaried or Hourly Position
Salaried jobs will account for the vast majority, but not totally, of all full-time job options. An hourly rate indicates that the job is temporary or part-time.
However, there are numerous full-time and part-time hourly positions available. As a result, this proposal should be regarded as a guideline rather than an absolute.
6. Apply the New Overtime Rules to the Job
Employees earning less than $35,568 per year and working more than 40 hours per week will be eligible for overtime compensation beginning January 1, 2020, thanks to modifications made to the FLSA by the US Department of Labor.
Overtime pay will now be paid at their usual rate for any hours worked in excess of 40 in a single workweek, according to the modification.
Because the FLSA made no distinction between full- and part-time labor, the new restrictions had no effect other than to broaden the population of workers designated non-exempt and so eligible to overtime pay (versus exempt, which is what most salaried, full-time employees are).
Examining if a position in a job offering is labeled as “exempt” or “non-exempt” may assist you establish whether it is a full-time position for which you are entitled for overtime pay.
Benefits of working a full-time job
Full-time employment has a lot of advantages. Regular employees receive the following benefits:
Full-time workers often have the security of knowing how much money they can expect to receive each year because they are given a wage.
Many hourly workers are guaranteed a set amount of hours each week, and even if they aren’t, they can usually bank on maintaining a schedule that permits them to be classified as full-time workers. Personal budgeting and financial security benefit from a consistent pay cycle.
Potential to earn more money annually
Gaining more financial security than working part-time is another advantage of working full-time. The average yearly wage of part-time employees in the United States was between $16,000 and $24,000 at the time of writing, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).
Full-time workers, on the other hand, can expect to earn an average monthly pay of around $50,000 by 2020. The chances of a part-time worker’s wage covering basic living needs are substantially higher, especially if they are also responsible for supporting a family.
Fixed working hours
Another advantage of full-time jobs is that they have set work hours, which are uncommon in the part-time economy.
Part-time work provides more freedom and flexibility, and some people prefer the lack of a defined routine; yet, it can be difficult to schedule social activities when your income and availability are unpredictable.
Companies that employ a large number of part-time workers, such as supermarkets and restaurants, are more likely to schedule their employees to work on weekends and holidays.
Insurance and benefits packages
Full-time employees get access to benefits such as medical coverage (including dental, vision, and emergency care), life insurance, and a 401(k) retirement plan. Most full-time employees receive paid time off in addition to paid holidays and vacation days (PTO).
Regular employees may be eligible for benefits such as gas cards, gym memberships, restaurant discounts, subsidized company excursions, and the ability to work from home.
Opportunities for advancement
In addition to the benefits already discussed, having a full-time job may give you with greater opportunities for advancement.
This is due to the fact that full-time employees often commit a significant percentage of their time to their organization in training and work-related tasks that progress their careers. As a result, they could be a mine of information for the firm and an excellent candidate for internal growth.
Tips for working a full-time job
Setting boundaries and building productive habits will help you flourish at your full-time job. Consider the following when working full-time to maintain a healthy work-life balance:
Prioritize your mornings and evenings
When you work full-time, it’s extremely important to make the most of your morning and evening rituals. Make it a point to get up early, eat a healthy breakfast, and do something you enjoy, such as reading or exercising, before the day becomes too stressful.
You might then feel better prepared to start your workday. Take some time at the end of each workday to unwind and refresh.
Take small breaks throughout the day
Include frequent coffee breaks, opportunity to clarify assignments, and short walks in your workday. Refreshing oneself in this manner can assist increase productivity and concentration levels throughout the workday.
Schedule personal days to maintain your health
Plan some time off to spend with loved ones or to go on a trip. Taking time off can help you maintain a healthy work-life balance, which is essential for staying motivated at work.
Make plans for the weekend
If you work Monday through Friday, don’t forget to plan some fun weekend activities. This can help you maintain a healthy work-life balance by allowing you to spend more time with the people and activities that are important to you.
Get to know your coworkers outside the office
As a full-time employee, you may spend the majority of your week interacting with your coworkers. Spend time with your staff in settings other than the workplace to make the most of it.
Meet up with them on the weekends for coffee, lunch, or an event. Take the time to get to know your coworkers better if you want to enjoy your time together at work.
Full-Time Workweek Schedules
40 Hour Workweeks
Previously, a 40-hour workweek was considered full time. Nonexempt employees are eligible to overtime pay after 40 hours of work, according to US Department of Labor standards. 4 Every day of the week was normally divided into eight-hour shifts.
30—40+ Hour Workweeks
In recent years, many organizations have begun to regard part-time employees as if they were full-time if they work at least 30 hours each week (i.e., over 30 hours, 35 hours, or 37.5 hours).
Under the ACA, health insurance is required for workers who work 30 hours or more each week, but firms are free to set their own criteria for full-time status in terms of salary and other benefits.
It’s probable that some companies will expect their employees to work additional hours per week. Six eight-hour days or five 10-hour days could be included in a 50-hour workweek.
Employment Law Regulating Hours Worked
Businesses can develop their own internal policies addressing their employees in addition to what the ACA requires. Workers aged 16 and up are not restricted in terms of the total number of hours they can work per week.
According to the Fair Labor Standards Act, nonexempt workers must be paid time and a half for any hours worked in excess of 40 in a workweek. A salaried exempt employee is not entitled to additional pay for time spent working more than 40 hours per week.
Full-Time Jobs vs. Part-Time Jobs
What is the typical schedule for a full-time vs. part-time job?
Part-time jobs often have a lot of scheduling flexibility, including the ability to work evenings, weekends, and holidays. As a result, many people in school or with children choose part-time work to free up time for other commitments.
Seasonal part-time work is another option, particularly during peak demand periods such as school breaks and the winter and summer holidays.
However, if you value a life-centered schedule, you may be able to replace it with full-time job. You must be available for work for the most, if not all, of each work week in order to be considered for full-time employment.
As a result, the hours of 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. have become synonymous with full-time employment. Working 40 hours a week can be difficult when your shifts are at night and on weekends.
If, on the other hand, you want to work a set amount of hours each week, Monday through Friday, a full-time job may be more your pace. Remember that the vast majority of full-time roles are not seasonal and are available all year.
How are part-time employees and full-time employees paid?
Employees who work fewer than 30 hours a week are always paid hourly. That is why they must “clock in” and “clock out” at the start and end of their shifts. It is normal practice to have them turn in a timesheet at the end of each week so that they get paid for all hours worked.
Full-time employees, like part-time employees, may be paid an hourly wage or a predetermined salary. Negotiating with your supervisor is unlikely to yield positive results. Salary employees are deemed “exempt,” whereas hourly employees are considered “nonexempt.”
Nonexempt employees receive 1.5 times their regular salary for every hour worked in excess of 40 in a workweek, as opposed to exempt employees, who are not entitled for overtime compensation.
Those who are not entitled to overtime compensation, on the other hand, will never see their pay increase no matter how many hours they work. When comparing full-time versus part-time earnings, you may find that full-time workers are slightly better compensated, especially if they have distinctive or rare qualities.
If you switch from part-time to full-time work and are paid by the hour, you may receive a raise or have your pay rearranged.
When comparing full-time versus part-time compensation, one probable conclusion is that full-timers make slightly more money, especially if their abilities are in high demand.
Hourly workers who transition from part-time to full-time status may see their hourly rate increase or their compensation structure restructured.
What benefits do full-time workers and part-time workers receive?
When it comes to benefits, the distinctions between full-time and part-time employees can be difficult and time-consuming to document. The term “benefits” is frequently used to refer to anything other than a monthly paycheck provided by your company.
Full-time employees are frequently eligible for benefits. Among the most common bonuses are health, dental, vision, and even life insurance.
In most circumstances, the monthly premium for an employer-provided insurance plan will be paid in full or in part by the firm. As a full-time employee, you will almost certainly be eligible to paid holidays, vacation days, and sick leave.
Employees who work the required amount of hours per week may qualify for benefits such as stock options, tuition reimbursement, health insurance, and a 401(k) plan (often with a business match).
Part-time employees, on the other hand, are often ineligible for benefits such as health insurance or retirement plans given by their employers.
However, this is also dependent on the company. Some firms, particularly in service industries such as retail and hospitality, may provide financial aid for furthering education or training, paid time off around important holidays, or even discounts for employees.
Each organization has its own set of advantages and disadvantages. Before accepting a new job, the benefits package, whether part-time or full-time, should be thoroughly researched. If you don’t understand something, don’t be afraid to say so. The HR staff would be happy to address any inquiries you may have.
Do part-time or full-time workers have better job security?
The future of job security is actually uncertain. Part-time workers are sometimes considered as more disposable than full-time workers due to their lower income and lack of benefits.
Many say that full-time employees are desirable since they have more experience and training than their part-time counterparts and are thus more difficult to replace. In terms of job security, there is little difference between the two.
What are the educational or training requirements for full-time and part-time jobs?
This is due to the nature of the work rather than whether the position is full- or part-time. Full-time and part-time delivery workers, as well as truck drivers, are frequently required to have a valid driver’s license or Commercial Driver’s License (CDL).
Working in vocations such as cashiering, childcare, nannying, or customer service requires no formal schooling. If you want to work in healthcare, you’ll most likely require a bachelor’s degree and/or a license.
Even if a student does not yet have a degree, part-time jobs linked to their major are accessible. Before applying, carefully read the job description to see if there are any educational requirements.
Is a part-time or full-time job best for you?
That is ultimately up to you and your priorities. A part-time work may be more practical if you are a student who must be present in class throughout the day.
Part-time work is an excellent alternative for those who wish to continue working while caring for family members, such as children or elderly parents who require assistance. Having several part-time jobs is an alternative to having one full-time work.
Full-time work, on the other hand, may be the best alternative if you want a higher salary or better benefits and can commit the majority of your daytime hours to a job.
Full-time employment may be the ideal option if you have a degree and are seeking for a long-term career with plenty of opportunities for advancement.
A full-time job is one in which the employee works the maximum number of hours allowed by law, which varies by country but is often around 40 per week.
Part-time employees have fewer commitments and less access to perks aimed at keeping them healthy and happy than full-time employees.
Because the number of working hours is a major concern for many job seekers, firms frequently state whether or not the position is full time in job advertising. FTE (full-time employment) is synonymous with full-time job.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) defines full-time as 35 hours and above, and the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) doesn’t define what constitutes full-time or part-time hours, but does require employers to pay overtime to employees for any weekly hours worked above 40.
How Many Hours Is Considered Full-Time? Short answer: Full-time employment is usually considered between 30-40 hours a week, while part-time employment is usually less than 30 hours a week.
In the United States, the “standard workweek” is generally considered to be 40 hours, with employees working five days a week, for eight hours per day. Some employers consider 37.5 hours to be full time, giving 30-minute unpaid lunch breaks each day, while others give an hour and consider 35 hours to be full-time.
The standard work week in America for full-time employees consists of five eight-hour days adding up to 40 hours.
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