What is a Turnkey Contract? Definition, Advantages, 5 Facts

Are you looking for what is a turnkey contract? Do you need a turnkey contract but don’t know where to begin or if it’s right for your business? If so, this article is for you.

What is a Turnkey Contract?

A turnkey contract is a commercial arrangement in which a finished project is provided. Instead of working with an owner to build a project in phases, the developer is engaged to complete the full project without input from the owner.

The final owner or operator is distinct from the builder or developer, and the project is not transferred until it is fully operating. In essence, the developer completes the project and “hands over the keys” to the new owner.

What is a Turnkey Contract?

This is a frequent pattern for construction projects ranging from single structures to sprawling communities. Under a conventional lump-sum contract, the owner agrees to pay the developer for the completion of a project constructed to the owner’s standards.

Throughout the duration of the project, the owner has several opportunity to make decisions and make necessary adjustments. In a turnkey contract, the owner is often excluded from the whole construction process, since the developer handles all construction-related choices and issues.

This type of contract may also be utilized in the residential construction business. Under a turnkey arrangement, a builder or developer completes both the construction and the interior and exterior finishes of a home before handing it over to the homeowner.

The homeowner is frequently given the opportunity to pick finishing, such as drapes, paint colors, and carpets.

Traditional construction contracts have numerous benefits over turnkey contracts. Due to the fact that the developer will retain ownership of the building until the project is completed, he has a financial incentive to complete the work as fast and effectively as feasible.

A turnkey contract also allows the owner additional time to seek funding and investors before he must pay for the completed project. These agreements also exempt novice owners from making tough building decisions, leaving them to the developer or builder.

Before selecting a turnkey contract for your project, it is essential to understand the potential pitfalls associated with this form of arrangement. The absence of control over design and construction decisions by the owner is the biggest disadvantage.

What is a Turnkey Contract?

For some property owners, this may imply that the completed project is not ideally suited to their needs. For others, the possibility for cost reductions and accelerated building timetables may outweigh this disadvantage.

Some owners may choose for turnkey-plus contracts, which leave the developer with a long-term financial stake in the project. For instance, a builder may construct a retail shop for an owner in exchange for a share of the gross receipts for a predetermined period.

This may inspire the builder or developer to make construction decisions based on the project’s long-term needs, rather than only the short-term ones required to complete the task.

Advantages OfTurnkey Contract?

There are following advantages such as:


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Turnkey implies that there are no financial surprises, since you know exactly what your investment will cover, such as personnel and supplies. This enables for a more accurate profit prediction, which is why only entrepreneurs participate in profitable ventures.

Overlapping timelines

With a single design and construction contractor, you may use the sequential ordering concept to ensure that everything stays on schedule, even when timeframes for many projects overlap.

By utilizing a single business for all of your project’s needs, regardless of where you are in the process, you can assure that every component will be completed on time. As a consequence, delays will be reduced and the entire procedure will be accelerated. Please visit technukti.com for other intriguing information.

Disadvantages Of Turnkey Contract?

Lack of strong scope

The scope of a building project is among its most vital components. A document that outlines the scope of the job to be performed in its entirety.

What is a Turnkey Contract?

Changes in scope are permitted so long as they do not fundamentally affect the character of the original contract; nonetheless, the business president or owner may pay additional expenses.

Generally, general contractors will prioritize their own demands. For instance, if a shower is initially included in the ‘Scope,’ but there is no more room available, this might result in a general restriction to remove it.

Dependent on trust

The turnkey method is utilized when a project owner is certain that a single business will be responsible for all phases of development, including property acquisition and conversion, design and engineering, procurement, and construction.

The definitions of the work’s scope and finances are spelled out precisely when owners correctly document the required agreements. All channels of communication are open, resulting in a more efficient building process.

The Most Important Clauses Of A Turnkey Contract Are:

  • Design of the structure or undertaking
  • Termination time
  • Price
  • Conditions governing payment
  • Assurance of performance and
  • Period of warranty coverage, etc.

Turnkey is identical with “design and construction,” “package contact,” and “design contractor.” In the large-scale construction business, these contract management systems are the most prevalent.

The difference between EPC and turnkey contract

Engineering, Procurement, and Construction (EPC) is a contract that combines Engineering, Procurement, and Construction. Engineering, Procurement, and Construction are the three components of a turnkey contract.

There may be no distinction between two ideas based on their definitions, however there are distinctions between the concepts as outlined below.

1- In EPC, an employer will offer a contractor with basic engineering, and the contractor will do detailed design based on the supplied basic engineering.

2- In a Turnkey arrangement, the Employer will only submit some technical requirements of the project, and it is the contractor’s obligation to produce the project’s fundamental and detailed designs.

What is a Turnkey Contract?

In turnkey, the contractor is responsible for building, commissioning, startup, and handover of the plant to the employer, but in EPC, commissioning and startup may fall under the responsibility of a third party.

What Is the Difference Between Turnkey and Design-Build Construction?

Different construction projects have various beginning places. Traditionally, you would commission a set of blueprints for a construction and then pay a business to construct it. In the present era of customisation, however, many project owners desire greater control.

Consequently, both design-build and turnkey construction have increased.However, what is the distinction between the two? Does it matter?

If you’re preparing to develop in Indiana and attempting to choose the optimum beginning place, you should understand the distinction between the two notions. Both offer control over the structure you wish to create, but in different ways.


Design-build construction is well titled because the same company designs and builds your project. The process is dictated by the project owners, who specify what they want, when they want it, and how they want it done. If you want total control over your construction project, it’s usually preferable to hire a design-build business.

Obviously, there is a negative aspect to all this control. If you’re not attentive, design-build projects frequently take longer and might go over budget. The flexibility to make modifications and establish deadlines frequently causes owners to exceed their own expectations. It is a lot to handle, especially if you lack building experience.


Additionally, turnkey projects provide owners the ability to specify what they want and how they want it completed. The distinction? The construction business provides project management services, including the allocation of resources such as time and money.

Working with a turnkey business can safeguard you in the event that your project encounters setbacks, since the company often pays overages as part of its project management obligations.

Handing over the project management component of your work may appear to be a surrender of control, yet it is often advantageous. Not having to worry about supervising a huge construction project is priceless! Your structure will likely be constructed on schedule, within budget, and to your exact specifications.

Which is better?

Now that you have a better understanding of design-build and turnkey construction, which is superior? It depends on how much control you believe you require or desire.

Are you a Type A individual who must be in charge of everything, including schedules, contractors, and finances? Design-build may suit your needs. Are you comfortable making high-level choices and delegating day-to-day tasks to others? Turnkey construction is likely more intelligent.

What is a Turnkey Contract?

There is no correct response to this question; only preference exists. Before making a selection, it is essential to consider how engaged you wish to be and what duties you desire. Just remember, you will get the desired effects regardless of your actions!

The distinction between design-build and turnkey construction hinges on the level of involvement desired in the construction process. Before beginning construction in Indiana, it is advisable to talk with a qualified contractor at length.


Typically, a turnkey contract is a construction contract in which a contractor is hired to plan, design, and construct a project or infrastructure, as well as any other essential development, at an agreed price and by a certain date.

The majority of the time, the employer supplies the principal design in trunkey contracts. The contractor must adhere to the employer-supplied principal design.

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