What Is Net Interest Revenue? Definition, Calculate, 4 Facts

Interest revenues are generated when the bank collects interest payments on existing loans. It consists of credit lines and loans listed on the institution’s balance sheet.

What Is Net Interest Revenue?

Net interest revenue (NIR) is a metric used by businesses to determine the amount of money gained or lost on interest payments, and its calculation requires two variables.

consist of the interest paid by assets, which is money gained from customers and assets, and the interest paid by liabilities, which is money paid to customers and other entities.

What Is Net Interest Revenue?

Typically, businesses aim for a positive NIR, since this demonstrates that they are generating a profit on their assets.

Other firms can use this formula as well, despite the fact that banks use it more frequently due to their tendency to pay out more than other businesses and to focus largely on interest rates.

How To Calculate Net Interest Revenue

Interest paid by assets is a component used to compute net interest revenue. This is the total amount of interest payments a firm receives, such as those made on loans or credit cards.

What Is Net Interest Revenue?

For instance, if a company earns $20 US Dollars (USD) from a loan and $35 USD from a credit card, its monthly interest paid by assets is $55 USD.

The second component required to determine net interest revenue is the interest paid on obligations. For deposits, a bank pays clients interest rates; these values must be included. Negative interest is deducted from positive interest to calculate the NIR.

For instance, if the positive interest is $55 USD and the negative interest is $40 USD, the NIR of the company is $15 USD.

Understanding Net Interest Revenue

Most companies seek to have a positive net interest revenue, since this indicates that they are getting more money from interest-rate-based payments than they are losing.

What Is Net Interest Revenue?

Negative NIR can be a dangerous omen, especially if it is a significant figure, because it indicates that firms are paying out a great deal of money and may not be able to recoup.

To improve their NIR, organizations might eliminate programs that pay consumers, reduce interest paid on liabilities, or acquire more positive assets.

This method may be used by almost any firm that gains and pays money for interest-rate-based assets and obligations, although banks use it most frequently.

This is a natural way for banks to determine whether they are making or losing money, as banks lose and gain money largely through interest rates in their everyday transactions.

Other firms consider how much they must pay investors and how much they earn from investments in other companies or initiatives.

What Is Net Interest Revenue?

Calculating Interest Revenue

Interest income is determined by applying the effective interest rate to the gross carrying value of financial assets. This computation has just two exceptions:

Credit-impaired financial assets acquired upon acquisition
Credit-impaired financial holdings

Interest Revenue = Effective Interest Rate * Financial Asset


Net Interest Revenue (NIR) is the amount of interest revenue a bank gets from deposits and other loans. Typically, this income is in addition to the fees they charge their consumers for doing transactions.

What Is Net Interest Revenue?

This amount comes from the interest earned on your checking and savings accounts. For the pleasure of banking with a credit union, you may be required to pay a nominal charge. However, keep in mind that they are still profiting from the funds you deposit.

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